23 resource group

Acupuncture Effectiveness Upon Chronic Pain

MacPherson, H., Vertosick, S.E., Forster, N.E., Lewith, G., Linde, K., Sherman, K.J., Witt, C.M., Vickers, A.J., ‘The persistence of the effects of acupuncture after a course of treatment: a meta-analysis of patients with chronic pain’ PainMacPherson, H., Vickers, A.J., Bland, M., Torgerson, D., Corbett, M., Spackman, E., Saramago P, Woods B, Weatherly H, Sculpher M, Manca A, Richmond S, Hopton A, Eldred J, Watt I. (2017) ‘Acupuncture for chronic pain and depression in primary care: a programme of research.’ NIHR Journals LibraryVickers, A.J., Alexandra C. Maschino, BS; George Lewith, MD; Hugh MacPherson, PhD; Nadine E. Foster, DPhil; Karen J. Sherman, PhD; Claudia M. Witt, MD; Klaus Linde, MD; (2012) ‘Acupuncture for Chronic Pain: Individual Patient data Meta-analysis’ JAMA Internal MedicineNational institution for Health and Care Excellence (NICE): Chronic pain (primary and secondary) in over 16s: assessment of all chronic pain and management of chronic primary painVickers, A.J., Alexandra C. Maschino, BS; George Lewith, MD; Hugh MacPherson, PhD; Nadine E. Foster, DPhil; Karen J. Sherman, PhD; Claudia M. Witt, MD; Klaus Linde, MD; (2018) Acupuncture for Chronic Pain: Update of an Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis

Acupuncture Explanatory

Dhond, R.P., Yeh, C., Park, K., Kettner, N., Napadow, V. (2008) ‘Acupuncture modulates resting state connectivity in default and sensorimotor brain networks’ Pain doi:10.1016/j.pain.2008.01.011Huang et al. (2012) ‘Characterizing Acupuncture stimuli using Brain imaging with fMRI – A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature’ PLoS OneHui, K.K., Napadow, V., Liu, J., Li, M., Marina, O., Nixon, E.E., Claunch, J.D., LaCount, L., Sporko, T., Kwong, K.K. (2011) ‘Monitoring acupuncture effects on human brain by FMRI’, Journal of Visualized Experiments, 38.Napadow, V. (various) – a treasure trove of explanatory work focussing upon fMRI studies in acupuncture

Acupuncture For Migraines

Angus-Leppan H. Manual acupuncture for migraine BMJ 2020; 368 :m1096 doi:10.1136/bmj.m1096All NICE products on headaches. Includes any guidance, advice, NICE Pathways and quality standards.

Acupuncture Safety

Clarkson, C.E., O’Mahony, D., Jones, D.E. (2015) “Adverse event reporting in studies of penetrating acupuncture during pregnancy: a systematic review’ Acta Obstetica Gynecoligica Scandinavia 94 (5)Carr, D (2015) “The safety of Obstetric Acupuncture: forbidden points revisited” Acupuncture in medicineWhite, A. (2006) ‘The Safety of Acupuncture – evidence from the UK’ Acupuncture in MedicineWitt, C.M., Pach, D., Brinkhaus, B., Wruck, K., Tag, B., Man, S., Willich, S.N. (2009) ‘Safety of Acupuncture: Results of a Prospective Observational Study with 229,230 Patients and Introduction of a Medical Information and Consent Form’ Forsch KomplementmedWhite, Cummings, Hopwood, MacPherson (2001). 'Informed Consent in Acupuncture' Acupuncture in MedicinePetra Bäumler, Wenyue Zhang, Theresa Stübinger, Dominik Irnich 'Acupuncture-related adverse events: systematic review and meta-analyses of prospective clinical studies' BMJ Open

Autonomic Nervous System

Bantel, C. and Trapp, S. (2011) ‘The role of the autonomic nervous system in acute surgical pain processing – what do we know?’AnaesthesiaVan Middendorp, H. et al. (2013) ‘The Impact of Emotion-Related Autonomic Nervous System Responsiveness on Pain Sensitivity in Female Patients With Fibromyalgia’ Psychosomatic Medicine

Back Pain

Brinkhaus, B. et al (2005)’Acupuncture in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial’Cherkin, D et al. (2009) ‘A Randomized Trial Comparing Acupuncture, Simulated Acupuncture, and Usual Care for Chronic Low Back Pain’ JAMAHaake, M. et al. (2007) ‘German Acupuncture Trials (Gerac) For Chronic Low Back Pain Randomized, Multicenter, Blinded, Parallel-Group Trial With 3 Groups’Liu, L et al (2015) ‘Acupuncture for Low Back Pain: An Overview of Systematic Reviews‘Thomas, K.T. et al (2006) ‘Randomised controlled trial of a short course of traditional acupuncture compared with usual care for persistent non-specific low back pain’ British Medical JournalWitt, C.M et al (2006) ‘Pragmatic Randomized Trial Evaluating the Clinical and Economic Effectiveness of Acupuncture for Chronic Low Back Pain’Yuan et al. (2008) ‘Effectiveness of acupuncture for Low Back Pain’ SPINE

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

Cardoso, R. et al ‘Effect of Acupuncture on delayed onset muscle soreness: series of case studies.’Itoh, K., Ochi, H., and Kitakoji, K. (2008) ‘Effects of tender point acupuncture on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) – a pragmatic trial’Fleckenstein, J. et al (2016) ‘No Effect of Acupuncture in the Relief of Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial’

Dental and Facial pain

Purnachandrarao et al (2014) 'Acupuncture: An Alternative Therapy in Dentistry and Its Possible Applications' Medical AcupunctureNICE (2021) 'Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)' NICE guidelines

Ear (Auricular) Acupuncture

M. Murakami, DO, L. Fox, MD, Marcel P. Dijkers, PhD (March 2017) Ear Acupuncture for Immediate Pain Relief—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials


Bishop, Zaman and Lewith (2011)’Manual and electrical stimulation in acupuncture research: Pitfalls and Challenges of Heterogeneity’ Journal of complementary and alternative medicineStener-Victorin et al. (2009) ‘Low-frequency electroacupuncture and physical exercise decrease high muscle sympathetic nerve activity in polycystic ovary syndrome’

Feasibility and Pilot Study Guidance

Eldridge et al (2016) ‘Defining Feasibility and Pilot Studies in Preparation for Randomised Controlled Trials: Development of a Conceptual Framework’ PLOSoneEldridge et al (2016) ‘CONSORT 2010 statement: extension to randomised pilot and feasibility trials’ BMJNIHR, (2016) ‘Guide to Feasibility and pilot studies:a guide for NIHR Research Design Services’

General Pain Physiology

Anon (accessed 2017) ‘Ascending Sensory Pathways’ Chapter 10. Blackwell PublishingHarris et al (2009)’Elevated Insular Glutamate in Fibromyalgia Is Associated With Experimental Pain’ Arthritis & RheumatismLabuz, D., Celik, M.O., Zimmer, A., and Machelska (2016) ‘Distinct roles of exogenous opioid agonists and endogenous opioid peptides in the peripheral control of neuropathy-triggered heat pain’ Scientific ReportsSchaible, H.G. (2006) ‘Peripheral and Central Mechanisms of Pain Generation’ HEP 177. p.3-28Sapolsky, R.(2017) ‘The biology of our best and worst selves’ TED talksSapolsky, R. (2011) ‘Introduction to Human Behavioural Biology’Sapolsky. R. (2011) ‘Limbic System’

Hot Flushes

Lesi, G. et al (2016) ‘Acupuncture As an Integrative Approach for the Treatment of Hot Flashes in Women With Breast Cancer: A Prospective Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (AcCliMaT)’

Meridians and Acupoints

Ahn, A.C. et al. (2010) ‘Electrical Impedance of Acupuncture Meridians: The Relevance of Subcutaneous Collagenous Bands’, Plos One, 5 (7)Langevin, H., Yandow, J.A. (2002) ‘Relationship of acupuncture points and meridians to connective tissue planes’ The Anatomical RecordMacPherson, H. et al. (2016) ‘Unanticipated Insights into Biomedicine from the Study of Acupuncture’ Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Nausea and Vomiting

Gan et al. (2014) ‘Consensus Guidelines for the Management of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting’Lee,A. Chan,S.K. Fan (2015) ‘Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point PC6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting’Matthews, A. et al. (2014) ‘Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy (Review)’McKeown, C. et al (2014) Acupuncture and Acupressure for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: A Systematic Review’Rahman, M.H., Beattie, J. (2008) ‘Post-operative nausea and vomiting’

Overactive Bladder

Emmons and Otto (2005) ‘Acupuncture for Overactive Bladder: A Randomized Controlled Trial’Oliveria et al. (2016) ‘Nonantimuscarinic treatment for overactive bladder: a systematic review’Forde JC, Jaffe E, Stone BV, Te AE, Espinosa G, Chughtai B. The role of acupuncture in managing overactive bladder; a review of the literature. International Urogynecology Journal. 2016; 27(11):1645-51Emma Hargreaves, Katherine Baker, Gill Barry, Christopher Harding, Yingying Zhang, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Xiaowen Zhang, Ashleigh Kernohan, Carl E Clarkson 'Acupuncture for treating overactive bladder in adults' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2022


Benedetti, F. (2013) ‘Placebo and the New Physiology of the Doctor-Patient Relationship’ Physiological ReviewsDhond, R.P., Kettner, N. and Napadow, V. (2007) ‘Do the neural correlates of acupuncture and placebo effects differ?’ Pain 128 (1-2)Finniss et al (2010) ‘Placebo Effects: Biological, Clinical and Ethical Advances’ LancetKaptchuk, T. (2001) ‘The double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial: Gold standard or golden calf?’Kaptchuk, T. et al. (2006) ‘ Sham device v inert pill: randomised controlled trial of two placebo treatments’ British Medical JournalKaptchuk, T. et al. (2008) ‘Components of placebo effect: randomised controlled trial in patients with irritable bowel syndrome’ British Medical JournalLundeberg, T., Lund, I., Sing, A. and Naslund, J. (2011) Is Placebo Acupuncture What it is intended to be? Evidence – Based Complementary and Alternative MedicineLund, I., & Lundeberg, T (2006) ‘Are minimal, superficial or sham acupuncture procedures acceptable as inert placebo controls?’ Acupuncture in MedicineMadsen, M.V. et al. (2009) ‘Acupuncture treatment for pain: systematic review of randomised clinical trials with acupuncture, placebo acupuncture, and no acupuncture groups’ British Medical JournalPetrovic, P. et al., (2002) ’Placebo and Opioid Analgesia– Imaging a Shared Neuronal Network’ ScienceWagner, T.D. et al.(2004) ‘Placebo-induced changes in fMRI in the anticipation and experience of pain’ Science

Shoulder Pain

Lewis, J., Sim, J. and Barlas, P. (2017) ‘ Acupuncture and electro-acupuncture for people diagnosed with subacromial pain syndrome: A multicentre randomized trial’ European Journal of Pain

Sporting Performance

Akimoto, T et al (2003) ‘Acupuncture and Responses of Immunologic and Endocrine Markers during Competition’Hu¨bscher, M. et al. (2010) ‘Immediate effects of acupuncture on strength performance:a randomized, controlled crossover trial’Karvelas, B (1996) ‘Acute effects of acupuncture on physiological and psychological responses to cycle ergometry’Lin, Z. et al. (2009) ‘Effects of Acupuncture Stimulation on Recovery Ability of Male Elite Basketball Athletes’Usichenko, T et al (2011) ‘Goal-Directed Acupuncture in Sports—Placebo or Doping?’Millar, Murrell and McInnes (2017) ‘Inflammatory mechanisms in tendinopathy – towards translation’Rio et al (2013) ‘The Pain of Tendinopathy: Physiological or Pathophysiological?’

Taping and Strapping

Barton et al., (2013) ‘Patellar taping for patellofemoral pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate clinical outcomes and biomechanical mechanisms’Halim-Kertanegara et al. (2017) ‘The effect of ankle taping on functional performance in participantswith functional ankle instability’Hinman et al., (2002) ‘Efficacy of knee tape in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee: blinded randomised controlled trial’Jeffriess et al., (2015) ‘Effects of Preventative Ankle Taping on Planned Change-of-Direction and Reactive Agility Performance and Ankle Muscle Activity in Basketballers’Lan et al., (2010) ‘Immediate Effect and Predictors of Effectiveness of Taping for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome’ AbstractParis et al., (1995) ‘Ankle Ranges of Motion During Extended Activity Periods While Taped and Braced’Raymond et al (2012) ‘The effect of ankle taping or bracing on proprioception in functional ankleinstability: A systematic review and meta-analysis’


Curran, S. et al (2010) ‘The ACTIV Study: Acupuncture Treatment in Provoked Vestibulodyniajsm’Schlaeger et al (2015) ‘Acupuncture for the treatment of vulvodynia: A randomized wait-list controlled pilot study’

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